Drinking Water

Most Americans obtain their drinking water from public or private water systems that utilize surface water sources such as rivers, lake, reservoirs, or groundwater aquifers. The EPA regulates the quality of the nation’s drinking water by issuing and enforcing safe drinking water standards. There are many contaminants that can be in the source water, and EPA regulations are becoming increasingly stringent as more is known about effect on public health.  The EPA released a report from a 2-year study on drinking water treatment solutions.  Ferrate is arguably the overall best solution.

In drinking water, Ferrate’s powerful and unique chemistry can be used in the following applications:

— Color Removal

— Improvement of Taste & Odor Reduction

— Iron & Manganese Control

— Disinfection (Without Disinfection Byproducts)

— Destruction of Emerging Contaminants (ex. EDCs, PPCPs)

— Removal of Heavy Metals (ex. Arsenic, Chromium)


A Florida treatment plant is unable to meet their permit levels using their current treatment systems, and they have taste and odor problems. They are putting too many disinfectant byproducts into the water, and therefore, have to report it to their customers. The diagram below shows how introducing Ferrate into the system can eliminate five of their current processes and save over 73% of their chemical costs every year. In addition, Ferrate was able to treat their water without introducing disinfectant byproducts, while eliminating taste and odor, and with a dose of less than five milligrams per liter (mg/L)! (See chart below).