Contaminants Treatable By Ferrate

As Ferrate (iron six) is reduced (by stealing electrons from something else) it falls back down from iron 6+ to 5+ to 4+ to 3+ (ferric iron), in the process acting as an Oxidant, then Coagulant, and finally as a Flocculent. Uniquely, Ferrate performs these three distinct treatment functions from the application of a single dose.  Therefore, Ferrate has the potential to work in many water and wastewater treatment markets worldwide.

Below, please find a long but only partial list of the contaminants that Ferrate can be used to treat. This list was compiled from independent research results found in the published studies around the world.  Note that we have not attempted to include efficacious dosages or the particular treatment regimen employed.  For more detailed information, please lookup specific studies and results.

See Ballast Water, Municipal Wastewater, Drinking Water, Industrial Wastewater, or Government / Military

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Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)
Pharmaceuticals
Oxidation (Inorganic/Organic Contaminants)
Disinfectant
Oxidant and Coagulant
Pesticides
Metal Cations Removed in Solution
Metals Removed in Industrial Wastewater
Anions Removed in Solution

Endocrine Disrupting Chemicals (EDCs)
Bisphenol A
Estrone (E1)
17b-Estradiol (E2)
17 a-Ethynylestradiol (EE2)
16a-Hydroxyestrone
4-Nonylphenol
4-tert-Octylphenol

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Pharmaceuticals
Sulfamethoxazole
Ibuprofen

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Oxidation (Inorganic and Organic Contaminants)

1,-Diaminopropane
1,2-Ethanediol
1,2-Propanediol
I,2,4-Butanetriol
1,3-Propanediol
2-Mercaptobenzoic acid
2-Mercaptoethanesulfonic acid
3-Amino-1-propanol
3-Mercaptopropionic acid
Acetaldehyde
Acetone
Alpha-Hydroxy toluene
Ammonia
Aniline
Benzenesulfinate
Chloral
Cyanide
Cysteine
Cystine
Diethylamine
Diethylsulfide
Dimethylamine
Dimethylglycine
Dimethylsulfoxide
Ethyl alcohol
Ethyl Ether
Ethylene glycol
Ferrocyanide
Fonnic acid
Formaldehyde
Glycerol
Glycine
Glycolaldehyde
Glycolic acid
Glyoxal
Glyoxylic acid
Hydrazine
Hydrogen sulfide
Iminodiacetic acid
Isopropyl alcohol
Methionine
Methyl alcohol
Methylamine
Methylhydrazine
Neopentyl alcohol
Nitriloacetic acid
Nitrite
Nitrosamines
Methanol
N-methyliminodiacetic acid
Oxalic acid
Phenol
p-Aminobenzoic acid
p-Hydroquinone
p-Nitroaniline
p-Toluidine
Sarcosine
Thioacetamide
Thiodiethanol
ThiosulfateThiourea
Thioxane
Trimethylaldehyde

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Disinfectant

Aerobic spore-bearers
B. cereus
Brine Shrimp (Artemia salina)
Bryopsis sp.
Caulerpa taxifolia
Dasya baillouviana
Enteromorpha intestinalis
Eschericha coil (E. coli)
F-specific RNA-coliphage QB
f2 Coliphage
Hermit Crab
Mangrove gribbles
Portunid Crab
S. aureus
S. bovis
S. globigii
Sea Urchin Eggs
S. facalis
S. fiexneri
Sphaerotilus
S. typhimurium
Styela plicata
Suplfite-reducing clostridia
Thermotolerant coliforms
Total coliform

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Oxidant and Coagulant

1,1,2,2-tetrachloroethane
1,1,2-tichloroethane
1,1-dichloroethane
1,2-dichlorobenzene
1,2-Dichloroethylene
1,2,3-Trichlorobenzene
2-Chlorophenol
2-Nitrophenol
2,4,6-Trichlorophenol
2,4-Dichlorophenol
Acenaphene
Anthracene
Bromodichloromethane
Chemical Oxygen Demand (COD)
Chlorobenzene
Dichloromethane
Diethylphthalate
Dimethylphthalate
Ethylebenzene
Hexachlorobenzene
Nitrobenzene
Naphthalene
Pentachlorophenol
Phenanthrene
Toluene
Trichloroethylene

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Pesticides

2,4-D (2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid)
2,4,5-T (2,4,5-Trichlorophenoxyacetic acid)
Dursban (0,0-Diethyl 0-(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridyl)-phosphorothiote)
EDB (Ethylene di-bromide or dibromoethane)
Rotenone
Silvex (Lso Octyl Ester)

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Metal Cations Removed by Potassium Ferrate in Solution

Aluminum (A1(111))
Arsenic (As (III))
Barium (Ba(II))
Cadmium (Cd(III), Cd(II))
Calcium (Ca(II))
Cerium (Ce(l1I))
Cobalt (Co(ll))
Copper (Cu(II))
Lead (Pb(II))
Magnesium (Mg(B))
Manganese (Mn(II))
Mercury (Hg(II))
Potassium (K(I))
Silver (Ag(I), Ag(II))
Thalium (T1(III))
Tin (Sn(li))

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Metals, Including Other Contaminants, Removed by Potassium Ferrate in Industrial Wastewater

Cadmium
Chromium
Copper
Lead
Phosphorous
Zinc

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Anions Removed by Potassium Ferrate in Solution

Arsenate
Arsenite
Chromate (CrO4 2-)
Molybdate (MoO4 2-)
Phosphate (PO4 3-)
Selenite (SeO3 2-)
Silicate (SiO2 2-)
Sulfate (SO 4 2-)
Sulfite (SO32-)

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See Ballast Water, Municipal Wastewater, Drinking Water, Industrial Wastewater, or Government / Military